Bone china is a very pure white (whiter than standard European porcelain) and can be cast so thin as to be translucent, yet is still surprisingly chip resistant compared with lesser crockery like ironstone and earthenware.
Antique bone china was always expensive and difficult to work with.
China Patterns are designs that decorate sets of Dinnerware, Tea Sets, Chocolate Sets and other Tableware or Chinaware.
Most China Patterns come in a Series and some are individual patterns that are issued by a China Manufacturer or Porcelain maker.
Most famous of these are of course the Blue Willow pattern and other Blue & White china patterns such as Flow Blue. Most of the early designs and patterns were made on Stoneware or Earthenware, especially in Europe and America. Although some Patterns clearly imitated a certain “look”, such as Imari from Japan or Delft from Holland (which was in itself an imitation of older Blue & White china patterns from the Orient), most china patterns have a distinct design that adds to their decorative appeal.
Therefore, it is often the case that a certain number of Dinnerware Designs or China Patterns are of a particular Style but display different themes.
For example, the Imari style is available in many different china patterns such as those made by Royal Crown Derby, Coalport, Noritake, Mason’s Ironstone and a huge number of other china manufacturers.
It wasn't until the latter part of the 1800's that the majority of the makers listed below learned how to use bone china for serious production.
Wedgwood, being very cautious about luxury porcelains, chose not to go into bone china at first.
They let firms like Spode and Rockingham do the pioneering work. Many of the old antique bone china making firms have not survived to the current day.
New makers with tighter marketing plans have taken their place over the last 60 years or so.
Although the marks are not "two backward E's", I suspect this is the mark you are referring to.
Starting in 1842, England has offered registration of it's decorative designs for pottery, china, wood, paper, pottery, china, porcelain, glass and more.
If you are at all interested in antique bone china you will need to keep this guide handy. This section is not a directory of pottery marks, but explains who founded the company, in what era, and what happened subsequently. The A - Z directory starts immediately below a short introduction.
Bone china is a type of porcelain with added animal bone.