When the New Testament was written is a significant issue, as one assembles the overall argument for Christianity.Confidence in the historical accuracy of these documents depends partly on whether they were written by eyewitnesses and contemporaries to the events described, as the Bible claims.It may go against the grain to be very assiduous in searching for ammunition to destroy one’s own case; but it must be remembered that the overlooking of a single detail may be fatal to one’s whole argument.Moreover, it is the business of the scholar to seek the truth, and the satisfaction of having found it should be ample recompense for having to give up a cherished but untenable theory.(Although even fair-minded biblical critics would have to agree that higher criticism’s 200-year failure to prove its case by default strengthens the conservative Christian view as to biblical reliability.) In this sense, the critics who continue to advance discredited theories conform to the warnings of Chauncey Sanders, associate professor of military history, The Air University, Maxwell Air Force Base, Montgomery, Alabama.In his An Introduction to Research In English Literary History, he warns literary critics to be certain they are also careful to examine the evidence against their case: …he must be as careful to collect evidence against his theory as for it.By these dates they argue that the New Testament documents, especially the Gospels, contain mythology.The writers created the events contained, rather than reported them.
Woman healed -26 -43 -56 Blind men and demoniac -34 Healing the paralytic 9:1-8 2:1-12 -26 Matthew the publican 9:9-13 -17 -32 "Thy disciples fast not" -17 -22 -39 Because these three seem to have the 'same view' on a lot of matters, they have been called the "synoptic" Gospels, from the Greek syn (same) and optic (relating to sight or view).Roman historian Colin Hemer has provided powerful evidence that Acts was written between AD 60 and 62. There is no mention in Acts of the crucial event of the fall of Jerusalem in 70. There is no hint of the outbreak of the Jewish War in 66 or of serious deterioration of relations between Romans and Jews before that time. There is no hint of the deterioration of Christian relations with Rome during the Neronian persecution of the late 60s. There is no hint of the death of James at the hands of the Sanhedrin in ca. At that time a new phase of conflict began with Christianity. Acts seems to antedate the arrival of Peter in Rome and implies that Peter and John were alive at the time of the writing. The prominence of 'God-fearers' in the synagogues may point to a pre-70 date, after which there were few Gentile inquiries and converts to Jerusalem. Luke gives insignificant details of the culture of an early, Julio-Claudian period. Areas of controversy described presume that the temple was still standing. Adolf Harnack contended that Paul's prophecy in Acts (cf. If so, the book must have appeared before those events. Christian terminology used in Acts reflects an earlier period.Harnack points to use of always designates 'the Messiah', and is not a proper name for Jesus. The confident tone of Acts seems unlikely during the Neronian persecutions of Christians and the Jewish War with the Rome during the late 60s. The action ends very early in the 60s, yet the description in Acts 27 and 28 is written with a vivid immediacy. Christians and skeptical non-Christians, including members of religious cults, have different views concerning the credibility of the Gospels and the rest of the New Testament. In other words, if His words were not accurately recorded in the Gospels, how can anyone know what He really taught? Further, if the remainder of the New Testament cannot be established to be historically reliable, then little if anything can be known about what true Christianity really is, teaches, or means.Further, the methods used by the critics (rationalistic, higher critical methods) which claim “assured results” proving the New Testament unreliable, have been weighed in the balance of secular scholarship and been found wanting.The Gospel of Luke was written by the same author as the Acts of the Apostles, who refers to Luke as the 'former account' of 'all that Jesus began to do and teach' (Acts 1:1).The destiny ('Theophilus'), style, and vocabulary of the two books betray a common author. The significance of Gallio's judgement in Acts -17 may be seen as setting precedent to legitimize Christian teaching under the umbrella of the tolerance extended to Judaism. The prominence and authority of the Sadducees in Acts reflects a pre-70 date, before the collapse of their political cooperation with Rome. The relatively sympathetic attitude in Acts to Pharisees (unlike that found even in Luke's Gospel) does not fit well with in the period of Pharisaic revival that led up to the council at Jamnia.While the Synoptic Question is not entirely necessary to answer, and, as there is limited information to go on, all of the questions will never be answered certainly, yet the Synoptic Question is a legitimate one to ask and has believing, conservative answers.The first mainstream, establishment viewpoint of liberal scholarship from the late-1800’s was the priority of Mark, that Matthew and Luke derived their information from Mark, it being the simplest Gospel.Famed exegete Daniel Wallace goes into detail on the so-called Synoptic Problem, asking how it is that three Gospel writers could include so much that is so similar, in even the same order.While he does not deny inspiration by the Holy Spirit, he shows how the complete agreement would not really fit with three men independently relating the same facts, without some form of collaboration or borrowing.