The movement emerged as a liberal one, in later 18th century Egypt Some 21st-century scholars have suggested there was a medieval form of Salafism, but there is little evidence of this.
Generally scholars believe the Modernist form has been superseded since the mid-20th century by what is called Purist Salafism.
The British also adopted it and expanded its use in the Middle East.
Wahhabis do not like – or at least did not like – the term.
Ibn Abd-Al-Wahhab was averse to the elevation of scholars and other individuals, including using a person's name to label an Islamic school.
and the English translation of that term causes confusion with the Christian denomination (Unitarian Universalism).
Gabriel's comments come as the country prepares for a parliamentary election some time between August and October.
It’s hard to believe that we’re in the heart of multicultural Brixton, south London, solid Labour and increasingly colonised by the right-on middle classes.
The Salafist doctrine can be summed up as taking "a fundamentalist approach to Islam, emulating Muhammad and his earliest followers – al-salaf al-salih, the 'pious forefathers'." The movement is often divided into three categories: the largest group are the purists (or quietists), who avoid politics; the second largest group are the activists, who get involved in politics; and the smallest group are jihadists, who form a small minority.
Salafism has become associated with literalist, strict and puritanical approaches to Islam.
They’re heavily veiled, believe in polygamy and have to follow thousands of rules.
Yet increasing numbers of young and educated British women are converting to Salafism.
Particularly in the West it is associated with Salafi jihadists, who espouse jihad as a legitimate expression of Islam against those they deem to be enemies of Islam.
In legal matters, Salafis are divided between those who, in the name of independent legal judgement (ijtihad), reject strict adherence (taqlid) to the four Sunni schools of law (madhahib), and others who remain faithful to these.
But both Layla and Rahima are wearily accustomed to this kind of reaction – which continues more or less throughout our two-hour shoot.
The abuse, no doubt, would be even more extreme if anyone knew they were converts to Salafism, now thought to be the fastest growing Islamic faction in the UK.
The House of Saud continued to maintain its politico-religious alliance with the Wahhabi sect through the waxing and waning of its own political fortunes over the next 150 years, through to its eventual proclamation of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932, and then afterwards, on into modern times.
Today Ibn Abd Al-Wahhab's teachings are the official, state-sponsored form of Sunni Islam The US State Department has estimated that over the past four decades Riyadh has invested more than bn (£6bn) into charitable foundations in an attempt to replace mainstream Sunni Islam with the harsh intolerance of its Wahhabism.